Vehicles with kids – international overview

Laws Banning Smoking in Vehicles Carrying Children – International Overview

Canadian Cancer Society : August 1, 2008

Summary: Laws prohibiting smoking in vehicles carrying children have been adopted in the Canadian provinces/territories of Nova Scotia, Ontario, British Columbia and the Yukon Territory, the Canadian municipalities of Wolfville (Nova Scotia), Surrey (British Columbia) and Okotoks (Alberta), the U.S. states of California, Maine, Arkansas, and Louisiana, the U.S. municipalities of Bangor (Maine), Keyport (New Jersey), West Long Branch Borough (New Jersey) and Rockland County (New York), as well as South Africa, Puerto Rico and the Australian states of South Australia and Tasmania.  In Canada, the provinces Prince Edward Island (draft bill announced) and Manitoba (announcement by Premier) are moving forward with legislation.  In Australia, the Governments of the Australian Capital Territory and the states of Victoria, Queensland and New South Wales are also considering bringing forward such legislation.3  In the U.S., bills are currently before several U.S. state legislatures.

Listed below are the jurisdictions, the applicable age, the date of coming into force, and the date the law was adopted. Applicable age refers to under the age, thus “19″ (for example) means that smoking is prohibited in a vehicle carrying someone under age 19.

 

Jurisdiction                 Applicable Age                       Date Law                    Date Law

in Force                       Adopted

Canadian provinces/territories

1. Nova Scotia                         19                    April 1, 2008               Dec. 13, 2007

2. Yukon Territory                   18                    May 15, 2008              Apr. 22, 2008

3. British Columbia                  16                    date to be set                May 29, 2008

4. Ontario                                16                    Jan. 21, 2009               June 18, 2008

 

Canadian municipalities

5. Wolfville, Nova Scotia        19                    June 1, 2008                Nov. 19, 2007

6. Surrey, British Columbia     19                    July 31, 2008               July 14, 2008

7. Okotoks, Alberta                 16                    Sept. 1, 2008               July 15, 2008

 

U.S. states

8. Arkansas                  if car seat required[i]      July 21, 2006               Apr. 10, 2006

9. Louisiana                              13[ii]                  Aug. 15, 2006             July 5, 2006

10. California                          18                    Jan. 1, 2008                 Oct. 10, 2007

11. Maine                                16                    Sept. 1, 2008               Apr. 10, 2008

 

U.S. municipalities

12. Bangor, Maine                   18                    Jan. 18, 2007               Jan. 8, 2007

13. Keyport, New Jersey         18                    Apr. 26, 2007              Apr. 24, 2007

14. Rockland County, N.Y.     18                    June 21, 2007              June 15, 2007

15. West Long Branch Borough, NJ    18                    June 9, 2007                June 6, 2007

 

Australian states and territories[iii]

16. South Australia                   16                   May 31, 2007              Apr. 5, 2007

17. Tasmania                           18                    Jan. 1, 2008                 Dec. 19, 2007

Countries

18. South Africa                      12                    date to be set                Feb. 23, 2008

 

Other

19. Puerto Rico                                    13                    Mar. 2, 2007                Mar. 2, 2006

(US Commonwealth in Caribbean)

 

In Arkansas, a car seat is required when a child is less than six years of age and weighs less than sixty pounds (per s. 27-34-104(b) of the Arkansas State Code).

Louisiana Revised Statue 32:295 sets out various rules for car seat and seat belt use that apply to all child passengers up to and including age 12.

For the state of New South Wales, see “Smoking ban to hit parents in NSW cars” The Daily Telegraph, Nov. 9, 2007.

For the Australian Capital Territory, see Media Release, Jon Stanhope, Chief Minister, Australian Capital Territory, June 6, 2007:

For Queensland, see Queensland Government Joint Statement, Premier – The Honourable Anna Bligh, Minister for Health – The Honourable Stephen Robertson, “Bligh Government toughens anti-smoking legislation” May 26, 2008; see also “Bligh bans smoking in cars with kids”, The Daily Telegraph, May 26, 2008:

For Victoria, see “MP introduces bill to ban youth smoking”, ABC News, June 12, 2008:  Bill 65, Tobacco (Control of Tobacco Effects on Minors) Bill 2007 (see section 4), This bill was adopted by the Legislative Council on June 25, 2008, followed by the Legislative Assembly returning the bill back to the Legislative Council with a message that the bill seeks an appropriation from the Consolidated Fund.

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